Today, we will talk about the Themes of Avishkaar Makeathon and discuss ideas that you can explore for submission:
Theme: Agriculture for Zero Hunger
Despite advancements made in agricultural techniques, there are still 815 million people who do not get enough food to live a healthy active life. The majority of these people are found in the developing world where 12.9% of the population is undernourished.
It is high time to rethink how we grow, share and consume our food. If done right, agriculture, forestry and fisheries can provide enough nutritious food for all and generate decent incomes, while supporting rural development and protecting the environment.
Our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests and biodiversity are being rapidly degraded. Climate change is the main villain putting even more pressure on the resources we depend on, increasing risks associated with disasters, such as droughts, floods, and forest fires. Think Tamil Nadu not long ago where a severe drought wrecked the state. Amazon right now has been burning for more than three weeks.
Not to mention poor food security is also causing millions of children to be stunted, or too short for the ages, due to severe malnutrition. We need to rethink our strategy and effect a profound change in the global food and agriculture system if we are to nourish the 815 million people who are hungry today and the additional 2 billion people expected to be undernourished by 2050. Investments in agriculture are crucial to increasing the capacity for agricultural productivity and sustainable food production systems are necessary to help alleviate the perils of hunger.
So, what projects can you work on if you want to pick up this theme?
- Food composting of waste food using fast manure methods
- Smart storage for food.
- Food printers
- Food computers
- Smart monitoring system for agriculture
Theme: E-Waste Management
You must have come across used up batteries thrown on the roads. Old computers, keyboards, printers, photocopy machines, etc dumped in the slum areas of your city. Think of Deonar in Mumbai where a massive landfill blots the cityscape.
It may seem innocuous to you, but e-waste is among the most dangerous kinds of waste — for it contains heavy metals and other toxic chemicals. Millions of tons of e-waste winds up in landfills each year. Some of these electronics are still in working order. While there is awareness about recycling plastic, glass, and metals, far less thought is given to recycling electronic items.
Think about how many people ditch their old mobile phones for the newer model or how frequently they discard an old TV for a sleeker, more powerful one with a bigger screen that the last one they had. Owing to rapidly changing technology, the rise of disposable income, and easy availability of electronic products, large amounts of e-waste are produced every year.
Between 20 to 50 million metric tons of e-waste are disposed every year. Unfortunately, only about 12.5% of it is recycled. Even more unfortunate is the fact that most of these consumer electronics can be reused or are in perfect working condition. Most devices such as cell phones, laptops, memory sticks, TVs, tablets and batteries end up in landfills and contribute to air and water pollution.
How you can help reduce e-waste?
- Donate or Sell Working Electronics
- Use Your Old Mobile Phone as a GPS Device
- Organize Your Electronics
- Consume Less in Order to Reduce Your E-Waste
- Store Your Data Online
- Buy Energy Star Rated Appliances – Certified by the Environmental Protection Agency, Energy Star appliances are not only environment-friendly but consume less electricity thereby saving money on your electric bill.
So, what projects can you work on if you want to pick up this theme?
- E-waste monitoring: An app or platform to locate E-waste centers nearby where a pick-up and drop facility will be available for those materials
- Recycling of E-waste products: Electronics projects using E-waste management
- Separator for E-waste which will separate e-waste on the basis of their properties
Theme: Interactive Art for Learning Tools
It’s the time to make learning interactive and more hands-on rather than placing emphasis on passive learning. Interactive learning is a more hands-on, real-world process of relaying information where students are invited to participate in the conversation, through technology like online tests and quizzes or through role-playing group exercises.
Heard of augmented reality or virtual reality? These technologies are breaking barriers even as we speak and blurring the lines between real-world environment and how you interact with computer-generated perceptual information transporting you to a whole different world.
Since students are encouraged to interact with their environment or stimuli available to them, it helps sharpen their critical thinking skills fundamental to the development of analytic reasoning. Moreover, they learn to collaborate with their peers and work together in teams which is a useful skill to develop.
Through different learning tools, you can incorporate art and education in a manner which is easily digestible while keeping engagement levels high making it a more fun and interactive session.
Let’s find out which project ideas you can take inspiration from:
- Interactive toy to learn any counting For ex: if you count correctly, it will respond with a smile and if wrong it will make a sad face.
- Interactive mood projections
- Compliment robot that will give a compliment if we look into its eyes
- Interactive wall while dancing
Theme: Personal Safety
To go over this once quickly, personal safety refers to an individual’s ability to go about their everyday life free from the threat or fear of psychological, emotional or physical harm from others. It is often said that personal safety is a matter of common sense; however, unfortunately common sense isn’t much common at all.
Personal safety encompasses safety at home, outside or even your workplace. Care in using tools such as knives, hammers, or other equipment at home, to following road safety norms while travelling to and fro or even workplace etiquette is paramount.
In fact, there are substantial standards & norms in place to ensure workplace safety of employees. A substandard environment is bereft if mutual respect and compassion is lacking. It may be characterized by differential treatment and devaluation of certain groups, usually women and minorities. Such an environment can have a negative impact on the self-esteem, academic achievement, career development, and income of targeted groups.
Four ways to increase your personal safety:
- Reduce or eliminate opportunities that may make you a target.
- Increase awareness in places you’re most comfortable.
- Trust your instincts regardless of feeling embarrassed.
- Prepare your schedule daily with safety in mind.
In the end, you have to take responsibility for your personal and mental well being. Through this theme, our purpose is to increase awareness about this issue. You can take inspiration from the following suggestions:
- Taser: A device that can be used for safety
- A device that will give information if someone is in danger
- A safety suit
- Smart locked box using RFID
Theme: Space Colonization
One of the major environmental concerns of our time is the increasing consumption of Earth’s resources to sustain our way of life. As more and more nations make the climb up from agricultural to industrial nations, their standard of life will improve, which will mean that more and more people will be competing for the same resources.
While NASA spin-offs and other inventions can allow us to be more thrifty with Earth’s resources, we nevertheless must come to grips with the problem that humanity is currently limited to one planet.
Space colonies could be the answer to this problem, if we can solve the medical problems posed by microgravity (also called weightlessness) and the high levels of radiation to which the astronauts would be exposed after leaving the protection of the Earth’s atmosphere.
The colonists would mine the Moon and the minor planets and build beamed power satellites that would supplement or even replace power plants on the Earth. The colonists could also take advantage of the plentiful raw materials, unlimited solar power, vacuum, and microgravity in other ways to create products that we cannot while inside the cocoon of Earth’s atmosphere and gravity.
Some of the ideas that you can work on are:
- Exoskeleton suit
- Vehicle for terrain surface on another planet
- Protective suit for another planet
- Mask or a suit that will help to live in a less oxygen environment
Theme: Water Crisis
It’s no secret that clean, accessible water for all is essential for survival of humans & animals alike. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. However, due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, millions of people including children die every year from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.
Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. At the current time, more than 2 billion people are living with the risk of reduced access to freshwater resources and by 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water.
Drought in specific afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition. Fortunately, there has been great progress made in the past decade regarding drinking sources and sanitation, whereby over 90% of the world’s population now has access to improved sources of drinking water.
To improve sanitation and access to drinking water, there needs to be increased investment in management of freshwater ecosystems and sanitation facilities on a local level in several developing countries within Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia and South-Eastern Asia.
Think this is a cause worth taking up, then submit an idea on the theme. To help you get started, you can probably see if the following ideas pique your interest:
- Smart Water monitoring system using IoT: This will monitor the water usage and notify a person about over-usage and wastage.
- Water recycler: In this, water which has been used in various parts of the house will be collected and purified so that it can be used for plants and other purposes.
- Automated water tank level indicator: In this, if the water is about to fill completely in a tank it will notify.
- Solenoid valve: Water will come out of tap depending upon the pressure applied by leg so that water doesn’t get wasted.
Thank you so much for tuning in! I hope that I could clear up some of your doubts. If not, you can always write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Don’t forget to visit www.avishkaar.cc/makeathon to submit your idea and register yourself for Avishkaar Makeathon 2019 before 14th September 2019. This year is going to be bigger and better than the last. Hope to see you at the Makeathon Finale in December!